As of 2019, the worldwide research on the medical uses and efficacy of Rhizophora SPP (the genus to which the referenced Rhizophora mangle, L. belongs) is expanding for both internal and topical uses. When Dr. Anders and Resina Koroi began their initiative to revive the use of this ancient, traditional medicinal plant in the modern dietary supplement and medical-use markets in the US and China, respectively, there were very few articles available in peer reviewed journals.
Ted and Resina have led the way in funding and guiding studies and product development/registration and sales to ensure the value of Red Mangrove for human health and well-being is made known to the widest possible audience in countries around the world. Scientists, physicians and authors continue to join our team to bring forward the power and reliability of Red Mangrove phytochemistry as a remarkable natural support for human health.
All the while, we have been cognizant of the need to ensure the sustainable access to and harvest of Red Mangrove on coastlines challenged by climate change. We funded and conducted studies in conjunction with the University of the South Pacific in Suva, Fiji to determine the best method for pruning, propagating and expanding Red Mangrove to protect coastlines and fisheries while harvesting a sustainable quantity of plant parts for natural medicinal applications in our products.
One of the first studies of our initial extractions focused on acute, upper respiratory tract infections was conducted by Dr. Scott Carroll (co-founder of the Atlanta Allergy and Asthma Institute) to followup, and compare results with Dr. Ted Anders' initial client interview studies. Dr. Anders' study was the first contemporary Red Mangrove clinical efficacy review to evaluate products derived from his rediscovery and development of Red Mangrove as a viable modern nutraceutical supplement.
In the case of Red Mangrove, it appears the plants provide a unique, reliable, naturally occurring constituent combination which provides anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, immunomodulating, anti-oxident , and anti-pyretic functions. In addition, there is evidence for its positive, rapid impact on epithelial tissue health; both on the surface of the body and internally in the mouth and digestive tract.
We continue to gather client feedback and have prepared reports for US public health officials regarding the efficacy of our red mangrove extracts in the form of Respigard® for Corona viruses affecting the respiratory and immune systems.
During the 2020 Covid-19 pandemic, client surveys reported being very high satisfaction (4.89 out of 5) with the use of Respigard® for Covid-19 and similarly intense respiratory conditions. It is now apparent that Respigard® and it’s Red Mangrove phytochemical constituents are highly, reliably Respira-tropic.*
With regard to Respigard’s® impact and efficacy when experiencing upper respiratory tract infections, Dr. Scott Carroll conducted our first observational study many years ago. Here is an excerpt from Dr. Carroll’s first observational study:
Selection and Description of Participants
During the 12-month time period from February, 2004 through February, 2005, Dr. Scott Caroll, M.D. conducted this initial clinical study focused on the "Fiji Titi /Fiji Tea" product created by Nature's Nurse®. The patient sample included 84 patients between the ages of 3 and 74; male and female. These patients had two or more symptoms related to the common cold: nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat, headache, cough (with or without chest congestion) and malaise.
The recommended protocol for product use was two full droppers of concentrated fluid extract to one cup of water, four times daily (morning, noon, evening and bedtime) for two days.
The fluid extract concentrates used were of two types. One was a hot water decoction. The concentrate was designed to equal the potency of the traditional dosage created from 50g of dried, crushed rhizome in 8 cups of water. The extraction was obtained with a hot water decoction, which produced a dark brown, thick liquid; the UV spectrum of which was 280nm, Abs. 0.2972. The yield was 29 ml/100g from crushed, dried Rhizophora. The final concentration was 3.4g/ml (d~1.2) or 2ml/cup of water. This fluid extract requires the inclusion of a preservative, sodium benzoate, in the finished product. The delivery system was a 1 oz. brown actinic bottle with a 1 ml capacity dropper.
The second was a proprietary glycerin-base alcohol-free fluid extract, called a '3-3-6™' processed fluid extract. The 3-3-6™ process is a serialized technology designed to produce a finished fluid extract that equals or exceeds the efficacy of the traditional dosage created from 50g of dried, crushed rhizome in 8 cups of water. The 3-3-6™ fluid extraction results in a dark brown, high viscosity liquid, with a specific gravity of 1.190, and a 3-3-6™ standardized brix density of 53 (+/- 2% ). The yield is based on a proprietary ml/g range of 29ml/Xg (noting that much less Rhizophora raw material is used in 3-3-6™ fluid extract process than that used for hot water decoction) from crushed, dried Rhizophora. The 3-3-6™ fluid extract requires no preservative (or refrigeration after opening), even claiming a labeled shelf life of 3 years. The delivery system was a 1 oz brown actinic bottle with a 1 ml capacity dropper. Approximately 50% of the patients received the hot water decoction and 50% received the glycerine-based fluid extract.
Of the 84 patients from whom this researcher was able to obtain a clinical report, the following results were obtained. Seventy nine percent (79%) of overall participants had either complete resolution of symptoms before or by the end of the 48 hour treatment period (the vast majority) or in those few remaining, significant improvement. Twenty one (21%) of the patients were not improved. Of significant note is that several of the patients with recurrent sinusitis were in the 79% group. These patients thereby avoided taking antibiotics; which more of them would have been apt to do, based on prior experience in this type of patient. These results were overall concomitant for both the 3-3-6™ fluid extract and water decoction preparations, though it was noted that some respondents reported when they used half the dose for the 3-3-6™ fluid extract they still obtained results concurrent with the standard prescribed dose for this study.
There is clear evidence that the hypothesis was supported. Rhizophora mangle L. appears to be effective for the vast majority of clients within 48 hours. Even patients with resistant, recurring sinus infections who invariably wind up on an antibiotic experienced resolution of their symptoms. Of course, these results need to be replicated in a controlled, double-blind clinical trial. Nevertheless, the impact appears to be significant and should be stimulus for further research." *
Additional research references in support of Respigard® and Skingard™:
Please click on the PDF below to view the extensive research bibliography from Ted Anders' and Resina Koroi's book, "Breath of Life: The Vital Role of Red Mangroves in Human and Planetary Health."Research Bibliography from The Breath of Life
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